Monday, July 27, 2020

MITs Undergraduate Research Journal Get your work published!

MIT’s Undergraduate Research Journal Get your work published! Its that time of the year again MITs Undergraduate Research Journal (MURJ) is looking for submissions (due October 10th) for our Fall 2005 issue! MURJ is a student-run journal that publishes articles about research going on at MIT and around the world. We publish four types of research: 1. News: Summaries of breakthroughs at MIT and beyond. -Some MIT news headlines include: *Macular Degeneration Induces Reorganization in the Visual Cortex *MIT Undergrad IDs Supersized Stars *Study Reviews Supply Chain Prophecies *Fusion Experiment Joins MIT and Columbia -Some world news headlines include: *Chunk of Universes Missing Matter Found *Why Do Insects Stop Breathing To Avoid Damage from Too Much Oxygen, Say Researchers, Challenging Previous Theories *Compound in Carrots Reduces Cancer Risk 2. UROP Summaries (hurray!): Students write 1-3 paragraphs about their UROP work, explaining their experimental procedures and results. -Features summaries by undergrads of all ages and research areas. 3. Features: Essays about controversial topics in research. *Hormone Replacement Therapy and Cardiac Risk: Should Menopausal Women Take Hormone Therapy? A Cardiac Risk Assessment of Hormone as Medication (by Dejah Judelson) *Development Engineering: Are Engineers Making a Difference in the Developing World? (by Monica Lewis) *Tuning the Sound Bytes: Digital Electronic Technology in Music (by Sharon H. Chou) 4. Reports: Lab reports with quantitative data by MIT undergraduates. *Municipal Solid Waste: Effect of State-Level Programs on Waste Reduction and Increased Recycling (by Matthew V. Brooks) *Application of the Suspended Microchannel Resonator as a Biosensing Device to Profiling Signal Transduction in Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (by Lili Peng) *Unexplained Pawn Pricing Behavior: A Study of Las Vegas Pawnshops (by Jen-Jen Lao) If you are interested in submitting a UROP summary, feature essay, or report, email [emailprotected] and send the article as an attachment. Its easy (especially to do a UROP summary), fun, and you get to have your work published for all to see!!! Im on the editorial board and Id love to see some submissions from people who read my blog =) If youd like to join the MURJ team to write News summaries or doing editing, email me at [emailprotected] or [emailprotected]. In any case, pick up your very own copy at the end of IAP!

Friday, May 22, 2020

Critical Thinking Exercises for Students

Critical thinking is a skill that students develop gradually as they progress in school. While the skill becomes more important in higher grades, some students find it difficult to understand the concept of critical thinking. The reason critical thinking can be difficult to grasp is because it requires students to set aside assumptions and beliefs to learn to think without bias or judgment. Critical thinking involves suspending your beliefs to explore and question topics from a blank page point of view. It also involves the ability to distinguish fact from opinion when exploring a topic. These exercises are designed to help develop critical thinking skills. Critical Thinking Exercise 1: Tour Guide for an Alien This exercise provides an opportunity to think outside your normal way of thinking. Pretend that you have been assigned the task of conducting a tour for aliens who are visiting the earth and observing human life. Youre riding along in a blimp, viewing the landscape below, and you float over a professional baseball stadium. One of the aliens looks down and is very confused by what he sees. You explain that there is a game going on and he asks several important questions. What is a game?  Why are there no female players?Why do people get so excited about watching other people play games?What is a team?Why cant the people in the seats go down on the field and join in? If you try to answer these questions fully, it will quickly become apparent that we carry around certain assumptions and values. We support a certain team, for instance, because it makes us feel like were a part of a community. This sense of community is a value that matters to some people more than others. Furthermore, when trying to explain team sports to an alien, you have to explain the value we place on winning and losing. When you think like an alien tour guide, you are forced to take a deeper look at the things we do and things we value. Sometimes they dont sound logical from the outside looking in. Critical Thinking Exercise 2: Fact or Opinion Do you think you know the difference between fact and opinion? Its not always easy to discern. When you visit websites, do you believe everything you read? The abundance of available information makes it more important than ever for students to develop critical thinking skills. Additionally, its an important reminder that you must use trustworthy sources in your school work. If you dont learn the difference between fact and opinion, you may end up reading and watching things that continue to reinforce beliefs and assumptions you already own. For this exercise, read each statement and try to determine whether it sounds like a fact or an opinion. This can be completed alone or with a study partner. My mom is the best mom on earth.My dad is taller than your dad.My telephone number is difficult to memorize.The deepest part of the ocean is 35,813 feet deep.Dogs make better pets than turtles.Smoking is bad for your health.Eighty-five percent of all cases of lung cancer in the U.S. are caused by smoking.If you flatten and stretch out a Slinky toy it will be 87 feet long.Slinky toys are fun.One out of every one hundred American citizens is color blind.Two out of ten American citizens are boring. You will probably find some of the statements easy to judge but other statements difficult. If you can effectively debate the truthfulness of a statement with your partner, then its most likely an opinion.

Saturday, May 9, 2020

My Views On My Childhood - 1078 Words

Every single person in the world is like a depiction of small integral fragments that constructs a complete puzzle. Discretely each part only imitates an aspect of the original person but when these pieces are connected, it portrays a real life picture of the person. But these pieces of integrity are influenced by the cherished experiences of our lives that give meaning to the bigger picture; a picture that identifies us from the vast ocean of faces. These experiences all start from our childhood and act like the building block of our personality. When I look back on my childhood, I can clearly see the experiences I gained that shaped who I am right now. But when I compare my youth to the friend I now believe was the dearest a man could have, I can see the differences in knowledge, belief, and qualifications. But the similarities in between our morals and the affection for each other have brought us the joy and satisfaction of what we have earned that we will always carry for the rest of our lives. It was I believe the first time I made my parents truly proud when I got accepted into one of the best secondary schools in Bangladesh. The school is run by the Christian missionary and follows the Cambridge International Examinations (British) curriculum. It is every parents’ dream to get their children into this school. I was really nervous about the homework pressure that they implement over the students but was thrilled to meet new friends. But in the first day of class, IShow MoreRelatedViews on Childhood: My Heart Leaps Up by William Wordsworth1149 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Wordsworth once wrote a poem called My Heart Leaps Up in which he claims that â€Å"The Child is father of the Man;† this quote provides a basic understanding of his views on childhood (Allison 240). Wordsworth saw children having a close connection to both god and nature, this connection is explained by the theory of transmigration of souls (which claims that children experience preexisten ce; a period in which they share the company of god while waiting to be conceived). According to WordsworthRead MoreIn What Ways Has Each of your Identities Contributed to How You View Yourself?946 Words   |  4 Pagesidentities contributed to how you view yourself? Each of my identities contributed to how I view myself today. My culture and personal experiences have had a lasting impact. I view myself as a sensitive, devoted, compassionate, thoughtful, professional, caring, patient, shy, and independent woman. My current socioeconomic status is middle class however as a young child my socioeconomic status was low income. My mother was a single parent with four children. My mother Maria was unable to furtherRead MoreConsequences Of Childhood Sexual Abuse1744 Words   |  7 PagesAbuse Circumstances The wide variety of potentially harmful consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse (CSA) can also be better identified and understood when considering the abuse circumstances. Factors such as the severity of the abusive act, victim’s age, the frequency and duration of the abuse, the relationship the victim had with their abuser and if physical violence was involved are all key factors that contribute to the degree of trauma experienced by the victim and the varies long-term harmfulRead MoreRelationship Between Parenting And Childhood Outcome1595 Words   |  7 PagesWhen it comes to exploring the relationship between parenting and childhood outcome there are a lot of undetermined answers but a lot of my subjects agreed on the same things. When I asked my subjects how masculine a boy is they all said it is dependent on the outside environment. 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Some of those people in our lives that play a major role in how we see the world is our parents, teachers, and people in the media. Our parents or our primary caregivers. They are who we spend the majority of our times with and they generally have the most profound impact on our life. It is important directly from birth to begin identifyingRead MoreUnderstanding The Professional Roles Of Supporting Consultee And Consultant Field Of Early Childhood Education Essay1200 Words   |  5 Pages Why Program Selected The program I have selected for this assignment on consultations in Early Childhood settings is Sunshine Academy Early Education Center located in Brookline, Massachusetts. Sunshine Academy philosophy focuses on each child’s unique abilities and potential. Engaging qualified staff with a caring, nurturing, loving and supportive attitude, and to create opportunities for families, and staff to be involved in all aspects of your child’s care. Diversity of families of everyRead MoreThe Importance Of A Safe And Healthy Learning Environment1623 Words   |  7 PagesEarly childhood has been on a high due to new research that has proved its effect on education of a child. The goals of Early Childhood programs are to provide programs to children and their parents that support the children in learning, daily routine practice, health needs including wellness, and to strengthen the gap between home and school. All of these goals are beneficial to the student as an individual le arner. If a child is healthy and well, then they will be more likely to succeed insideRead MoreA Psychological Interview Analysis Of Levinson s Life Structure Approach And Erikson s Theory Of Human Development Essay944 Words   |  4 Pagesstage of childhood. However, Charlotte had a large and supportive family unit, which allowed her to find intimacy in adolescent with her close friend, Rena. In adulthood, Charlotte was able to transition to America by having a family support when leaving Scotland to find better job opportunities abroad. In essence, a summary of Charlotte’s interview will be accompanied by a psychological comparison of Erikson and Levinson’s life development theories. Levinons’s theory of early childhood developmentRead MoreSpecial Education836 Words   |  4 PagesEarly Childhood Education Early childhood education is traditionally defined as any education-taking place before the primary grades of first through third grades in elementary school. It encompasses all education from birth to first grade, but usually the term is used to refer to the more formalized nursery or preschool environments and kindergartens. These classroom environments have different emphases from developmental to academic. The most appropriate type of educational structure for children

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s Free Essays

AGODI CHIOMA Page 15, Allure Vanguard October 7th Edition, compiled by Davina Ayodele http://issuu. com/vanguardngr/docs/07102012 allure/1 TITLE: Best skin care products for women in their 50’s The purpose of this report is to identify how the writer uses the marketing mix and the 4p’s to attract their specific target market. Whether you are young or old, skin care is an important part of caring for your body. We will write a custom essay sample on Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s or any similar topic only for you Order Now It’s no wonder that skin care companies spend much time coming up with formulations designed to reach diverse markets. There are specific products for various age groups, skin types, life styles and budgets. To effectively market a skin care line, marketers must cover some key areas. Our primarily focus on this analysis would be on skin care products for women in their 50’s. The writer of the article has been able to identify and understand the market needs of women in their 50’s, thus providing products that offer anti-aging treatment. Knowing your market is necessary as you market your skin care products, thoroughly research those customer’s to help you identify the type of ingredients you need to include in your products to help improve aged skin. With knowledge of the market, you can discover where your target customers are, their budgets, ingredients that are important to them and where they get their information’s about anti – aging products. Taking a deeper look at the article using the different concepts of marketing, the writer has been able to understand and identify customer issues; â€Å"our skin loses elasticity and the constant pull of gravity weight against us, and this affects the decline in estrogen levels†. The writer further went on to explain that â€Å"we could opt for a face lift with a nip and tuck or maybe a BOTOX injection; these treatments are costly and needs maintenance several times a year†. Satisfying a customer’s need should be relatively affordable and reachable to the masses. In other to balance the benefits of the best skin care products with the cost of the face lift, the writer came up with options of affordable anti – aging cream such as life cell, murad resurgence, oil of olay, simone france anti – aging formula, trivectin SD. These creams are more economical and give women the benefit to age gracefully. Marketing is simply about balancing benefits and costs. The face lift would satisfy small markets at a rare basis, but the aging cream would have larger markets for it because it’s easily affordable and reachable. It can be seen that differences do exist between a face life and an aging cream, this can be seen in the marketing varia bles which are the basis of segmentation such as income and geographic values. In a competitive market, the anti – aging cream has been able to identify the target market segments in other to be at the cutting edge. Differences between the two products are evident with respect to product, place, price and promotion. Face lift relies heavily on price, anti – aging cream relies on the success to satisfy customer’s needs, thereby performing same function as face lift in a different concept at a lower cost. How to cite Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s, Essay examples

Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s Free Essays

AGODI CHIOMA Page 15, Allure Vanguard October 7th Edition, compiled by Davina Ayodele http://issuu. com/vanguardngr/docs/07102012 allure/1 TITLE: Best skin care products for women in their 50’s The purpose of this report is to identify how the writer uses the marketing mix and the 4p’s to attract their specific target market. Whether you are young or old, skin care is an important part of caring for your body. We will write a custom essay sample on Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s or any similar topic only for you Order Now It’s no wonder that skin care companies spend much time coming up with formulations designed to reach diverse markets. There are specific products for various age groups, skin types, life styles and budgets. To effectively market a skin care line, marketers must cover some key areas. Our primarily focus on this analysis would be on skin care products for women in their 50’s. The writer of the article has been able to identify and understand the market needs of women in their 50’s, thus providing products that offer anti-aging treatment. Knowing your market is necessary as you market your skin care products, thoroughly research those customer’s to help you identify the type of ingredients you need to include in your products to help improve aged skin. With knowledge of the market, you can discover where your target customers are, their budgets, ingredients that are important to them and where they get their information’s about anti – aging products. Taking a deeper look at the article using the different concepts of marketing, the writer has been able to understand and identify customer issues; â€Å"our skin loses elasticity and the constant pull of gravity weight against us, and this affects the decline in estrogen levels†. The writer further went on to explain that â€Å"we could opt for a face lift with a nip and tuck or maybe a BOTOX injection; these treatments are costly and needs maintenance several times a year†. Satisfying a customer’s need should be relatively affordable and reachable to the masses. In other to balance the benefits of the best skin care products with the cost of the face lift, the writer came up with options of affordable anti – aging cream such as life cell, murad resurgence, oil of olay, simone france anti – aging formula, trivectin SD. These creams are more economical and give women the benefit to age gracefully. Marketing is simply about balancing benefits and costs. The face lift would satisfy small markets at a rare basis, but the aging cream would have larger markets for it because it’s easily affordable and reachable. It can be seen that differences do exist between a face life and an aging cream, this can be seen in the marketing varia bles which are the basis of segmentation such as income and geographic values. In a competitive market, the anti – aging cream has been able to identify the target market segments in other to be at the cutting edge. Differences between the two products are evident with respect to product, place, price and promotion. Face lift relies heavily on price, anti – aging cream relies on the success to satisfy customer’s needs, thereby performing same function as face lift in a different concept at a lower cost. How to cite Best Skin Care Products for Women in Their 50’s, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Gunpowder Invention and Its Impacts on the World

Introduction The world appeared in a different place before the invention of gunpowder. Living as an individual seemed beached before the discovery of gunpowder. The combat zones did not have any explosive projectiles, artillery, or cannons. The existence of these weapons after gunpowder discovery, however, came with several bottlenecks.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Gunpowder Invention and Its Impacts on the World specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, the changing factors such as altitude and wind, along with intense inaccuracy affected the use of these weapons. The black powder from gunpowder became enormous culpability on the decisive account of bullet progression. The initial discovery of gunpowder changed many things that happened around the world. According to Arrault and Catherin, the invention mostly affected battlefield approaches all over the world (p.45). The Chinese discovery t hat dates back to nearly one thousand years produced a very dangerous powder that contained a combination of Saltpeter, Sulfur, and Charcoal. This fueled massive and hefty explosions, which were apparent in pyrotechnic gadgets, firearms, rockets, and fireworks. In the present times, the production of gunpowder still goes on as a continuation of the works of the ancient alchemists from China. The Invention of gunpowder The major discovery of gunpowder appeared back in the 800 A.D. period. The Taoist alchemists from China who were seeking immortality (elixir) were the main propellers of this invention. Paradoxically, the invention of gunpowder was inadvertent. It resulted from the Chinese alchemists who were only investigating the uninterrupted life secrets. The researchers were merely engaging in the recreation of Potassium Nitrate (an oxidizing chemical), Carbon, and Sulfur before they realized such a big invention. Dating back to the middle of the ninth century, a scientist in the medical field came up with an idea to merge charcoal and sulfur with saltpeter. The product of this combination was extremely mysterious. For instance, the resultant powder produced dangerous flames and smokes. Besides, the powder scorched the experimental quarters and destroyed the faces and hands of the researchers (Needham 35).Advertising Looking for research paper on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The invention of firearms in the fiscal 1100 years, therefore, resulted from gunpowder development that occurred in the previous centuries. The Chinese researchers sourced funds from the empire of Han, specifically from Emperor Di Wu. The components of gunpowder included carbon, sulfur, and potassium nitrate. The chemical composition entailed fifteen percent of Carbon, ten percent of Sulfur, and seventy-five percent of Potassium Nitrate. Studies suggest that both the Western and Eastern world nations considerably experi enced divergent impacts from the inventions of gunpowder. The economic developments in many nations came due to the gunpowder revolution. The significance of gunpowder triggers to date owing to its relevance during the middle ages (Temple 41). On the other hand, the production of gunpowder never came on a silver platter. The inventors could only access some of the ingredients for making gunpowder from imports. The acquisition of Saltpeter took place in India and Italy, whereas volcanoes apparent in Sicily and Italy produced Sulfur (Brimstone). Moreover, Carbon came in the form of charcoal obtained from power mills found within Chinese locality. The production of one tone of gunpowder necessitated a quantity of two tones of charcoal. However, the process of producing gunpowder involved many steps. These included grounding, integration, incorporation, break down and pressing. Other processes encompassed corning, powdering, glazing, aeration, and testing (Arrault and Catherin 51). Cons iderably, the violation of any step under this process meant that the production would be a fault. During the process of preparation, the alchemists sifted and grounded sulfur and charcoal to purify it. However, Saltpeter from the factory could be directly utilized given that it was free from foreign objects. The use of horse-driven refineries to produce gunpowder was evident until the nineteenth century. The researchers then used a rotating drum to mix the ingredients in the required proportion. They added small quantities of water to the mixture. During the incorporation stage, they used water wheel or horsepower to merge the mixture, and this differed from the initial use of a motor and pestle. The British Incorporation Mills used during the eighteenth century came into existence in the seventeenth century. Nonetheless, the use of the system engine substituted the horse and water coerced mills in the nineteenth century (Needham 37). The fourth stage entailed the breakdown of mill cake to form meal powder using severing machines and sledgehammers. Subsequently, the hard-press cake was made from compacting and pressing the meal powder. To produce a reliable invention, the researchers introduced corning in the 6th century. The breaking of press cakes passed through different cycles of smooth breakers that are fluted and jagged to produce corns of different sizes.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Gunpowder Invention and Its Impacts on the World specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Dusting afterward took place as researchers removed any dust that remained in the process and returned it in the system. Graphite and black lead assisted in polishing and tumbling gunpowder pellets to amplify moisture resistance. In the penultimate stage, the grains were dried up to one degree of water content by exposing them to ovens having the heat of forty-degree centigrade. Lastly, cannons and mortars used for firing were employed to test the consistency and quality of the produced gunpowder (Temple 42). How gunpowder invention changed the world The invention was important to all-inclusive existence and developments in the whole world. The invention of gunpowder changed the entire world in terms of civil unrest, uprisings, warfare, as well as science and technology. The invention of gunpowder was a confirmation of the first explosive substance that existed. However, before this invention, the combination of such chemicals produced a smolder used during spiritual functions and sanitation for the Chinese. During the 7th century, fumigants were used in community structures and homesteads. Specifically, the fumigants helped in exonerating destructive insects and evil spirits. The fireworks in public celebrations came from a flammable mixture of chemicals. After alchemists discovered that a combination of dried organic matter, potassium nitrate, and sulfur produced highly combustible powder, they started testing them. The proto-gunpowder produced unintended ignitions in the ninth century to destroy property and render injuries to several people. The Huo Yao became prevalent in the 10th century as explosive gunpowder. The Chinese overwhelmingly applied the gunpowder during warfare. Nonetheless, many nations misconceived that the Chinese used gunpowder for firecrackers at the outset. In the fiscal 919, the flamethrowers utilized gunpowder in the ignition. The Sung reigning dynasty afterward placed gunpowder into use while fighting their rivals like the Mongols. The combatants exploited the gunpowder by propelling and hand throwing the new fangled armaments such as grenades and bombs to their adversaries (Needham 39). In fiscal 1044, the scientists initiated the formulae for producing gunpowder. Weak explosions resulted from these formulas. Nevertheless, the extent of the explosion became extremely high two centuries later when the amount of potassium nitrate was increased in that content. The gunpowder used in primeval rockets became an important element during the onset of the 11th century.Advertising Looking for research paper on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In essence, the blazing arrow was propelled to target the opponent by the blast-off gunpowder. The soldiers attached gunpowder filled-bamboo cylinders before shooting them to the opponents during the war. Similarly, for use as flamethrowers, bamboo pipes filled with gunpowder were attached to the lancers. The dangerous tactic changed the way of approaching a scuffle by combatants. The changes saw different battle tactics between Jin Tears and Chinese Song. The militants amalgamated gunpowder with wrecked proclaims and metal scraps to generate more dangerous explosives. These dangerous projectiles provided an imperative function during the war that lasted between the 11th and 12th centuries. According to various researchers, the invention of gun resulted from the devised bamboo tubes. Today, gun use is on high-rise and is believed to have risen from the development of Chinese gadgets like pyrotechnics. After the advent of atomic bombs, it is sarcastic that the discovery of dangerous gunpowder was as an expedition for immortality. On the other hand, the discovery of gunpowder has changed the system of drawing boundaries as well as the modes of battling during warfare. The Chinese alchemist’s (800 A.D) life facilitated the experimentation that led to the invention of gunpowder. This has transformed the world into many expenses. Approximately, every weapon and tool brought into play in the contemporary world has a foundation in gunpowder invention. These may include both the current and earlier exploited weapons like bombs, grenades, riffles, and fiery arrows. Therefore, many nations have benefited a lot in the battle, owing to the invention of gunpowder. For example, the Chinese successfully fought the Mongols due to the psychological niche they gained from the invention of explosive devices. In anticipation of the thirteenth century, gunpowder was the only leading source of weapon used in battles by the Chinese. The invention developed into a factor to de cide the encounters that transpired between nations since gunpowder widespread had reached several Islamic and European countries. During the Hundred Years War, the use of gunpowder technology was evident in many states. The French and English forces, for instance, in the fiscal 1350 employed elementary cannons made using gunpowder. Such nations used these new technological changes in gunpowder against their opponents. During the year 1453 triumphant cordon of the Constantinople, cannons of gunpowder were the major weapons used by the Turks of Ottoman. Thus, the entire European walled reinforcement became vulnerable, feeble, and impregnable due to the fundamental discovery of the powerful and new-fangled gunpowder. The insertion of gunpowder into handgun containers marked another revolution. The significant revolution appeared in the middle of the fifteenth century. The insertion was vital since cannons were essentially reduced into smaller sizes that could be transported easily. Th e inventions of gunpowder led to infantry, which is a category of fresh armed forces. This denoted that soldiers could personally own guns and keep them in their custody. In due course, calls for fresh commands gave rise to the birth of the contemporary defense force all over the world. Although gunpowder is not the main volatile device that soldiers can utilize, it is an important tool. A good part of the modern weaponry such as guns found their foundation staged in the discovery of gunpowder. In a real sense, gunpowder has staged a good platform for any nation or states that wish to rejoice triumph in any skirmish. Were it not for the invention of gunpowder; the occasional July 4 merriment could have had no firecrackers hearts. In the present world, gunpowder is used for making diverse gadgets like fireworks that make the occasion more colorful. The pyrotechnics of placing gunpowder into small tubes sparkles and create fireworks tend to shape through miniature pellets along with c olorizing chemicals. Further, the invention facilitated the production of mid-air sprays of different colors such as sapphire, golden, and reds in ceremonies engaging fireworks. The other world nations have once come up with gunpowder assortments from different discoveries, innovations, and modifications. The enormous developments akin to the use of black powder by the European countries resulted from the discovery of gunpowder. All the same, great divergences arose between different persons who assumed the compliments of inventing black powder from major gunpowder discovery. Several individuals asserted that Schwarz Berthold was the originator of black powder while others supposed it was a Franciscan cleric (Bacon Rodger). Many claims that the first gun was an invention from Berthold Black, who was an alchemist. The history relaying the whereabouts of these alchemists such as the period of invention, death, or birth, however, remains uncertain. In essence, the developments at comba t zones were not only the involvement of gunpowder invention in the evolution of China and the rest of the world (Paradowski 59). The entire world has benefited from this discovery. Certainly, gunpowder has helped the human race to perk up besides creating and innovating fresh uses of gunpowder. The invention has dictated the course of action for diverse incidents in both peace and struggle. Several countries around the world have been able to turn their places to be more secure than it was in the earlier days. This discovery has also rendered a comfortable civilization with many nations building canals that in turn transform the arid region into flourishing green meadows. The creative and innovate uses of gunpowder has fostered the ease of tunneling and mining in many nations. Seemingly, this has made the world a better place to live, given that it is a safer and secure place all over (Dawson 75). The discovery of gunpowder mainly changed the world as evidently seen in warfare and its consequences. As early as the fourteenth century, gunpowder was a solitary invention out of the four key discoveries in China. The ancient world warfare embraced the knowledge of using gunpowder for based on its rapid widespread. In history, gunpowder has an influence that has never been quantified. The archers were the primal striking force that was used by the earlier combatants (Ling 160). Consequently, the war in the previous world was an affair of every person before the invention of gunpowder. The archers could strike at an average of one hundred yards in the distance with the highest affectivity and accuracy. Some archers could shoot even further than one hundred yards. In several countries, the castles, cities, and towns erected barriers to bombard the weighty automatic machines, projectiles, and trebuchets. Conversely, the erection of physical barrier changed with the invention of gunpowder. The reach of firefighters and musketeers became superior as compared to the arc hers. Likewise, the Musketeers and riflemen had excellent and superior time to train with a lot of ease. All over the world, the piercing of armor for the best plate became palpable through rapid step up of gun smoldering. Additionally, in the battlegrounds, it was easier to safeguard and enchant the lance since soldiers had embraced gunpowder as a vital tool. Countries brought to an end the over-reliance on undersized Territorial Army that was complemented by taxes. Instead, many nations adopted the pursuit of equipping and fielding numerous men owing to the improvement in the Information Technology sector that resulted from the invention of gunpowder (Paradowski 62). The enrichment of weaponry rendered the fortified city walls outdated. The main idea was to look at how to fit a country was in terms of how its armaments and cannons could transmit firepower. Equally, gunpowder facilitated the fortification of many constructions in diverse cities around the world. To justify the expe nditure, weaponry prevailed in the contest given that enough could not be placed in the construction of city walls. It was noteworthy since it encouraged the spread out in most urban areas (Dawson 72). The European territories, which are some of the worlds most sprawling realms rose due to the invention of gunpowder. The firearm technology enabled the European nations to curl up other world continents to be their spheres of authority through different penetrations enhanced by gunpowder know-how. The independence of several nations got a blow from the fact that they had an underprivileged technology regarding the use of guns. This rendered them less advantageous in comparison with European nations that colonized them after embracing the technology of using firearms. Interestingly, countries such as Japan and China were the only nations that never experienced such harsh wraths. The colonization of nations such as South America was much unproblematic since they were unsettled (Ling 160 ). Any person could use a gun to meet his/her day-to-day life expectancies, including hunting for furs and food. The settlers in the community could easily defend themselves from very small groups that raided them over and above the marauders. The world settlers struck out using guns to claim their land rights. This brought about the springs of American independence along with spearheading speedy colonialism. Conclusion In anticipation of the discovery of gunpowder, the prevalent browbeat typically won the struggle. Indeed, before the invention of western six-shooter handguns, gunpowder played a very important role in the entire world. The discovery of gunpowder brought the medieval era to an end. The complete communal structure of various world nations that shifted to cities and towns turned out to be extremely influential. In this regard, Knight never ruled the theatre of wars anymore. The developments of artillery enabled the defiance of tyrant emperors and lords with the appeara nce of mass rookie defense forces. In the main, the invention of gunpowder changed the world a great deal as evident in the field of engineering, mathematics, research, and all aspects of life. Surely, the great improvements came with the discovery of gunpowder. The advent of gunpowder came when the entire world had craved for such a valuable innovation. Works Cited Arrault, Alain and Catherin Jami. Science and Technology in East Asia: The Legacy of Joseph Needham. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepoplis, 2001. Print. Dawson, Raymond. The Legacy of China. Boston: Cheng and Tsui Press, 1990. Print. Ling, Wang. â€Å"The Invention and Use of Gunpowder and Firearms in China.† Isis, 37.5 (1947): 160. Print. Needham, Joseph. Military Technology: The Gunpowder Epic Part 7 in Chemistry and Chemical Technology. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Print. Paradowski, Robert. Great Events from History: The middle Ages and the Invention of Gunpowder and Guns. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, Inc, 2004. Print. Temple, Robert. The Genius of China: Three Thousand Years of Science, Discovery, and Invention 1986 Reprint. New York: Prion Books, 1999. Print. This research paper on The Gunpowder Invention and Its Impacts on the World was written and submitted by user St0rm to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

150+ Useful Character Quirks (Plus a Few Clichés to Avoid)

150+ Useful Character Quirks (Plus a Few Clichà ©s to Avoid) 150+ Useful Character Quirks (Plus a Few Clichà ©s to Avoid) Writing great characters is a constant balancing act - you want each one to have certain quirks and flaws, but you don’t want them to be SO zany that they’re off-putting to readers. So how can you come up with realistic traits that humanize your characters, without falling into clichà ©?Luckily, this post offers a list of over 150 unique character quirks and traits that avoid clichà © and can help make the people in your story much more relatable! But before we get into that, here are a few notes on what character quirks are in stories and how to use them. Check out this list of over 150 character quirks (that you can steal for your book). What are character quirks? Making sourdough - so quirky! (Photo by  Nathan Dumlao)This section contains suggestions for unique strengths and talents, as well as weaknesses or negative traits one might possess.Strengths/talents:Fantastic cook or bakerSkilled musician (piano, guitar, violin, etc.)Artistic talent (drawing, painting, sculpting, etc.)Model athlete (football, hockey, swimming, etc.)Great at voices/ventriloquyCan do sleight-of-hand - may be a pickpocketSpeaks multiple languages, even obscure onesKnows everything about historyMathematical or scientific geniusBrilliant coder and can hack into any databaseSkilled mechanical inventorCan build or put together anythingSuper-quick logical reasoningExceptional memory/genius IQ (several of the above might fall under this one)Special connection with animalsSuper empathetic and understanding of other peopleExtremely fast runnerContortionist (can twist their body into any shape)Psychic talent (can predict the future)Amazing mechanicSuper strength, flying, in visibility or other superpowersUnusually high tolerance for painSurvival skills like hunting and fishingQuick reflexes, acts fast in a crisisBrave and fearless, not scared of anythingAble to talk their way out of any trouble/invent stories on the flyWeaknesses/negative traits:Awful driverAlways running lateIllegible handwritingTerrible at public speakingSocially awkward - hard for them to make friendsHas tons of credit card debt from online shoppingSelf-destructive and always wants what’s worst for themGets blackout drunk every time they go outExtremely conceited or arrogantCompulsive liarManipulative of friendsGets jealous over nothingOften mean for no reasonUnbelievably self-centeredExtremely passive-aggressiveArachnophobia (irrational fear of spiders)Coulrophobia (irrational fear of clowns)Agoraphobia (irrational fear of leaving the house)Pantophobia (fear of everything)Be careful how you incorporate these strengths and weaknesses, as you don’t want their inclusion to seem unnatural. After all, personality traits tend to reveal themselves on a daily basis, but this may not be true for their special talents and fears.Indeed, sometimes the best way to use quirks like these is to surprise your reader with it at the right moment. Maybe it’s the eleventh hour, and your MC has nowhere else to turn, only for their friend’s special skill to save the day!Also, as you can tell from both lists, there’s quite a range of strengths and weaknesses you can give your characters. Some of those talents require more practice than others, and some of the weaknesses are greater flaws than others - for instance, being a mean or manipulative person is obviously much worse than having bad handwriting. However, it’s good to be familiar with a wide range of both major and minor quirks so you can create more well-rounded characters.MiscellaneousThese are idiosyncrasies that don’t really fit into any of the above categories, but could still be of good use in your story.Dresses all in one colorBedroom is decorated exactly like a Pinterest pictureWon’t drink still water, only sparklingRefuses to use headphones and blasts their music in publicAlways dresses too nicely for the occasionWalks around barefoot, even in stores and other public placesHates being inside, sleeps and goes to the bathroom outdoorsCan’t help but look in every mirror they passWears a small plastic backpack everywherePreps their meals three weeks in advanceDrinks shots of espresso all day longSings opera in the showerMakes their own (terrible) abstract art and hangs it on their wallsGets super excited about Christmas and then really depressed in JanuaryRefuses to wear glasses even though they need themCarries around a secret teddy bearHas been wearing the same friendship bracelet for three yearsFastidiously lint-rolls all their clothingWill a shop or restaurant if someone walks in with a babyExtremely superstitious (knocks on wood, avoids the number 13, etc.)Drops everything other people ask them to holdLikes to go out dancing by themselvesPrefers to have the lights off or dimmed at all timesOnly reads books written before 1900Only watches movies that get really bad reviewsAlways wears multiple sweaters on top of each otherWon’t eat anything that doesn’t have bread (at least on the side)Thinks they’re a time-traveler from the medieval eraGives friends and family excellent homemade presentsLeaves the office last every day so they can push all the chairs inHates jagged numbers (always fills their gas tank to the dollar, sends emails on the hour, etc.)Has an imaginary friend they still talk to, even in adulthoodOwns a lizard that they try and use as a guard dogListens exclusively to Britney SpearsLeaves little notes in library books for future readersUses tissues to hold onto poles on public transportationWears their hair in Princess Leia bunsNever goes a day without talking to their momHums â€Å"In the Hall of the Mountain King† when they get stressedClucks their tongue while walking, so they sound like a horseQuotes Pulp Fiction all the timeLoves hanging out in completely empty placesConvinced they’re going to die in a freak accidentGrows all their own food in their vegetable gardenNever pays for train or bus ticketsCan recite Shakespearean sonnetsRecycles and eats vegetarian, but only out of guiltHas a â€Å"vision board† posted on their ceilingLoves the beach but hates swimmingFlicks people in the forehead when they get annoyedLaughs at everything, even bad jokesCurates a great Instagram feed of street art Sings opera, owns a lizard, plus 50 more original quirks to use in your story 🎠¶Ã°Å¸ ¦Å½ Clichà ©d â€Å"quirks† to avoidGiving your characters interesting tics can cross-over into ham-fisted writing if your quirks are used way too much, like the following:Pale skinCrooked smileâ€Å"Intense† stareRelentless clumsinessArtificial hair colors that are supposedly naturalCharacters thinking they’re unattractive when everyone else thinks they’re beautifulBasically, any archetype that hasn’t been developed enoughWhen readers see these traits on the page, they roll their eyes and think, â€Å"Ugh, not again.† Many of these aren’t even quirks, but fairly common traits that the writer attempts to romanticize. Traits like these signify to the reader that the author has barely put any thought into developing their characters - they’ve just chosen ostensibly quirky features that are actually overused and ineffective. So stay away from them at all costs!As we said, the business of selecting and integrating quirks is more compl icated than it seems. But after reading through this guide, you should have a much better understanding of what they are and how to use them†¦ not to mention a tremendous variety of quirks from which to choose! So will your character be a gum-chewing code genius or a short-tempered contortionist? From here on out, it’s all up to you.What are some of your characters' quirks? Tell us in the comments below!